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5 most frequent replacements of natural organ/parts and usable Biomaterials

Updated: May 5, 2023

Biomaterials are very useful to make artificial organs, there are so many biomaterials that are there, here I listed out some of the most and frequently needed artificial organs and the materials which are used to make the organs.

1. Artificial heart valves

natural organ/parts and usable Biomaterials

Most of the humans are affected by some cardiac disorders and some of them have a chance to replace their damaged heart valves to artificial implants, mostly the support and occluders are complete out of furthermore pyrolytic carbon or titanium coated with pyrolytic carbon, and the sewing ring cuff is Teflon (PTFE), polyester or dacron. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is used for creating mechanical tilting-discs valves normally the discs consist of pyrolytic carbon.

2. Artificial knee

Artificial knee

Mostly many of the aged human have a similar issue on their knees, in some of the severe conditioned humans are advice to replacing their natural knee bone with artificial, globally the metal-plastic bearing mixture is the mainly used ordinary type knee replacement implants also Polyethylene Plastic is another material used for knee replacement liners. This fabric has provided high-quality to outstanding results when assessment with ceramic or cobalt-chromium balls.

3. Artificial hip

Artificial hip

In some of the accident cases are recommended to replace the most and badly affected hip parts by an artificial and biomaterial made hip, largely the hip replacements made up of cobalt and chromium alloys, or titanium. Generally, all the implants liberate their ingredient ions addicted to the blood. Characteristically these are excreted in the urine, but in certain individuals, the ions can accumulate in the body.

4. Artificial blood vessel

Artificial blood vessel

Most of the patients have the damaged blood vessels and it is replaced by most commonly used biomaterials for replacing the blood vessels are thermoplastic polyurethanes, it is newly framed polymers and it has a molecular structure similar to the human proteins, also it has some similar nature of the thickness of the human blood vessels.

5. Artificial tooth

Artificial tooth

The make use of polymers is extensively increasing in dentistry. With the progression of material science, new-fangled materials twisted have properties similar to the usual biomaterial. One of the ordinary cases is the use of polymeric base material in the total and inequitable denture. Also, the denture soft liners, resin types of cement, pit and fissure sealants hold polymer. Polymers second-hand for denture base comprises Vulcanite, Celluloid, Phenol formaldehyde (Bakelite), Polyvinylchloride (PVC), Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)

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