This is the article about REHABILITATION ENGINEERING was published by Mr Harrish Keerthi, Biomedical Trainer, ATHEENAPANDIAN ORGANIZATION
Introduction of rehabilitation engineering :
Designing and creating helpful tools, technologies, and methods to aid people with impairments in regaining or improving their physical and mental capacities is known as rehabilitation engineering. Their quality of life and functional independence are the primary goals of this profession, which focuses on developing novel solutions.
Intend of rehabilitation engineering:
Rehabilitation helps a child, adult or older person to be as independent as possible in everyday activities and enables participation in education, work, recreation and meaningful life roles such as taking care of family.
LOT OF NEW INNOVATIONS OR NEW TECHNOLOGY COMES UNDER THE REHABILITATION ENGINEERING EXAMPLES:
1) Wheeled mobility and seating
Wheeled seating and mobility equipment are essential components of rehabilitation engineering because they give people with disabilities the tools they need to improve their independence, mobility, and general quality of life. The following are some of the most prevalent applications for seating and wheels in rehabilitation engineering.
2)Wearable Assistive Devices
As wearable technology advances, it can help people who have mobility issues in a variety of ways. Intelligent wearable exoskeletons offer powered support to help in standing, walking, and carrying out daily duties. Soft robotics and flexible sensors are also incorporated into garments to track vital signs, muscle activity, and movement. This enables individualised therapy and remote progress monitoring.
3)Augmentative and Alternative Communication:
AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication) is a crucial part of rehabilitation that enables people with communication impairments to express themselves, communicate with others, and engage in social, academic, and occupational activities to the fullest extent possible. AAC includes a number of methods and devices that either support or take the place of spoken language.
4)Adaptive toys and games
Adaptive toys and games play a through encouraging participation, skill growth, and social connection among people with disabilities, plays an important part in rehabilitation. These uniquely created games and toys are made to fit the talents and demands of those going through rehabilitation.
Children with disabilities need specific seating and mobility aids with wheels. Wheelchairs and seating systems are created by paediatric rehabilitation engineers to support age-appropriate involvement in social and academic activities as well as growth and development.
Individuals with disabilities are having better sensory experiences thanks to developments in sensory augmentation. For instance, wearable, flexible technology known as "e-skin" (Electronic skin)can mimic touch sensations. It has the potential to help prosthetic users regain their ability to feel pressure, texture, and temperature
7)Robotics for Rehabilitation
Tools for rehabilitation are being developed using interactive robotic technology. Robotic therapy equipment directs patients through precise, repetitive movements that aid in muscle reeducation and functional recovery. These robots are able to provide focused therapy sessions based on a person's needs and development.
Technology and rehabilitation engineering are combining to open up new possibilities for people with disabilities. In addition to recovering lost talents, these developments are also encouraging independence, self-assurance, and a sense of empowerment. Future prospects for those attempting to overcome physical and cognitive problems hold the possibility of even more inclusive and revolutionary solutions as innovation continues to advance this field.
With Best Regards
Mr Harrish Keerthi